Prematurity . org

Preemie Shops

Premature Baby Premature Child

Preemie Books


Bibliography of the Long Term Effects of Prematurity

Bibliography of follow-up studies prepared by Helen Harrision, author of The Premature Baby, for parents to present to the school, the pediatrician, and any other institution or person who deals with our children. The articles "cover the range of the 'milder' issues from visual (non-ROP), visual/motor, motor problems (that aren't called CP), behavioral, cognitive, learning problems, scan abnormalities and relation (or lack of relation) to other later problems."

By Helen Harrison

See Also: Research on Prematurity Impacts

You can use Medscape & Medline to view abstracts of many of these articles.

Palta, Sadek-Badai, Evans et al. "Functional Assessment of a Multicenter Very Low-Birth Weight Cohort at Age 5 Years" Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 2000;154:23-30.

Goyen, Lui, and Woods. "Visual-Motor, Visual-Perceptual, and Fine Motor Outcomes in Very-Low-Birthweight Children at 5 Years. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 1998;40:76-81.

Luoma, Herrgard, and Martikainen "Neuropsychological  Analysis of the Visuomotor Problems in Children born Preterm at < or = 32 weeks of gestation:A Five Year Prospective Follow-up."Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 1998;40:21-30.

Briscoe, Gathercole and Marlow. "Short-term Memory and Language Outcomes After Extreme Prematurity at Birth" Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research 1998:41:654-66.

Holsti, Grunau, and Whitfield. "Developmental Coordination Disorder in Extremely Low Birthweight Children( =/<800 grams) t 8.9 Years." Pediatric Research 1999;45:245A, #1443. (Not available online)

Grunau, Whitfield, McConnell et al.  "Prediction of Written Output Ability in Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW; =/<800g) Children from Age 4 to 8 Years." , 1999;45:245A, #1440. (Not available online)

Kamaya, Moddemann, and Casiro. "Emotional and Behavioral Adjustments of' Normal' Very Low Birth Weight Children Compared to Controls at 7 Years of Age." Pediatric Research.  1996;39:269A #1597. (Not available online)

Olsen, Vainionpaa, Paakko et al. "Psychological Findings in Preterm Children Related to Neurologic Status and Magnetic Resonance Imaging." Pediatrics 1998;102:329-36.

Olsen, Paakko, Vainionpaa et al. "Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Periventricular Leukomalacia and its Clinical Correlation in Children." Annals of Neurology 1997;41:754-61.

Skranes, Nilsen, Smevik et al. "Cerebral MRI of Very Low Birth Weight Children at 6 Years of Age Compared with the Findings at One Year" Pediatric Radiology1998;28:471-5.

Skranes, Vik, Nelsen et al. Cerebral Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Mental and Motor Function of Very Low Birth Weight Children at Six Years of Age." Neuropediatrics1997;28:149-54.

Harvey, O'Callaghan and Mohay. "Executive Function of Children with Extremely Low Birthweight:  A Case Control Study" Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology1999;41:292-7.

Sykes, Hoy, Bill et al. "Behavioural Adjustments in School of Very Low Birthweight Children" Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry_1997;38:315-25.

DonLevy, Lee, Wells et al. "Are Perinatal Factors Predictive of Optimal School Age Outcome in the ELBW Infant?"Pediatric Research 1998;48:213A,#1241.

Majnemer, Riley, Shevell et al. "Severe Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Increases Risk for Later Neurological and Motor Sequelae in Preterm Survivors." Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 2000;42:53-60.

Falk, Eliakim, Dotan et al. "Birth weight and physical ability in 5- to 8-year old healthy children born prematurely" Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise1997;29:1124-30.

Hebbandi, Bowen, Hipwell et al. "Ocular Sequelae in Extremely Premature Infants at 5 Years of Age." Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 1997:33:339-42.

Marlow, Botting, Powls and Cooke.  "Psychiatric Outcomes in Adolescent Very Low Birthweight Children "Pediatric Research 1997;41:204A, #1207.

Saigal, Hoult, Streiner et al. "School Difficulties at Adolescence in a Regional Cohort of Children Who Were Extremely Low Birth Weight" Pediatrics 2000;105:325-331. -- 7 pages

Wolke and Meyer.  "Cognitive Status, Language Attainment, and Prereading Skills of 6-Year-Old Very Preterm Children and Their Peers:  The BavarianLongitudinal Study" Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
1999;41:94-109. -- 16 pages

Skuse. "Survival After Being Born Too Soon, But at What Cost?" The Lancet 1999:354:. -- 2 pages

Stewart, Rifkin, Amess et al. "Brain Structure and Neurocognitive and Behavioral Function in Adolescents Who Were Born Very Preterm" Lancet 1999;353:1653-57. -- 5 pages

Whitaker, Van Rossem, Feldman et al. "Psychiatric Outcomes in Low-Birth-Weight Children at Age 6 Years: Relation to Neonatal Cranial Ultrasound Abnormalities" Archives of General Psychiatry 1997;54:847-856. -- 9 pages ( I am missing the last page of references)

Whitfield, Grunau and Holsti. "Extremely Premature Schoolchildren (=/< 800 Grams: Multiple Areas of Hidden Disability" Archives of  Disease in Childhood1997;77:F85-F90.-- 6 pages

Halsey, Collin and Anderson  "Extremely Low-Birth-Weight Children and Their Peers" Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine1996;150:790-4. -- 5 pages

Marlow, Roberts and Cooke. "Motor Skills in Extremely Low Birthweight Children at the Age of 6 Years" Archives of Disease in Childhood_1989;64:839-47. -- 9 pages

Losse, Henderson, Elliman et al.  "Clumsiness in Children - Do They Grow Out of It? Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology1991;33:55-68. -- 14 pages

Hack, Taylor Klein, et al. "School-Age Outcomes in Children with Birth Weight Under 750 g" The New England Journal of Medicine 1994;331:753-9. -- 7 pages

Taylor, Klein and Hack. "Achievement in Children with Birth Weights Less Than 750 Grams With Normal Cognitive Abilities: Evidence for Specific Learning Disabilities." Journal of Pediatric Psychology1995;20: 703-719. -- 8 pages

Volpe. "Cognitive Deficits in Premature Infants" The New England Journal of Medicine1991;325:276-7 (Commentary on the study by Hack, Breslau, Weissman et al. "Effect of Very Low Birth Weight and Subnormal Head Size on Cognitive
Abilities at School Age."New England Journal of Medicine1991;325:231-7." ) -- 2 pages

Powls, Botting, Cooke et al. "Visual Impairment in Very Low Birthweight Children" Archives of Disease in Childhood 1997;76: F82-87. -- 6 pages

Botting, Powls, Cooke and Marlow.  "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Other Psychiatric Outcomes in Very Low Birthweight Children at 12 Years" Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry1997;38:931-41. -- 11 pages

Also of interest - articles about studies:

From: Pediatric News 1991 page 30: "Clumsiness in Young Children May Persist in Later Years" concerning a study in Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology by Anne Losse and colleagues, above.)

"Low birthweight, vision" on the study by Powls et al.

"Forgetting May Be A Matter of Birth Injury" Reuters Medical News, October 27, 1999. 

Winslow. "Trouble Plagues Preemies Who Are Saved" The Wall Street Journal September 22, 1994. (Commentary on Maureen Hack's Study on <750 g Preemies, above.)

Helen Harrison is the well known author of The Premature Baby Book, often referred to as the "Bible of Prematurity" by older preemie parents. These observations are excerted with permission from posts to the prematurity parents support internet mailing lists on prematurity: Preemie-child and Preemie-L.

Prematurity Research

Developmental Research
Preemie Speech and Language
Preemie Teeth
Studies Disproving Catchup
Social/Emotional Behavior

Helen Harrison's Prematurity Observations

Key Research
Prematurity Impacts
Need Better Followup Studies
Bibliography - Long Term Effects

Diagnosis and Outcome
Many Issues are Mild
What is "Normal"?

Special Needs
Mild Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Variability of CP Diagnoses
Risk Factors for CP
More on Constipation

Pre-term Infant Care
Intrauterine Infection and Preterm Delivery

History of Prematurity
History in the Early 1900's
Interview with Dr. William Silverman
Preemie Personality- Dr. Shirley (1939)
Preemie Personality - Dr. Waters (1973)

Book Reviews
Prematurity Books
Author Interviews Special Needs Books

Preemie Stores


Preemie Shopping

Preemie Books
Special Needs

Great books on
preemies and special needs

Preemie Shops
Your preemie deserves the best! Shop in our unique Preemie Stores.

Preemies on Amazon
Amazon has presents for everyone.


Premature Delivery Premature Baby - Surviving the NICU Preemie Parenting Preemie Celebrations Preemie Advocacy Home - Premature Baby - Premature Child Prematurity Books Shopping for Preemie Parents Forum on Prematurity Preemie Child Show and Tell - children's art and stories Preemie Special Needs and Development Preemie Child Mailing LIst - Email support


Author Interviews | Preemie Books

| Premature Birth & Delivery | Surviving the NICU | Preemie Parenting | Advocacy |
| Preemie Celebrations | Preemie Children Show & Tell | Preemie Guest Book |
| Preemie Special Needs & Development | Prematurity Research |
| Preemie Child Discussion List |

All Contents Copyright

Information and Encouragement for your Preemie Baby and Preemie Child

Premature Baby Premature Child